Complex numbers are an optional extension to BQN's numeric system. If they are supported, the following functionality must also be supported. This extension is a draft and is versioned separately from the rest of the BQN specification.

A *complex number* is a value with two *components*, a *real part* and an *imaginary part*. The type of each component is a real number, as described in the type specification. However, this type replaces the number type given there.

The numeric literal notation is extended with the character `i`

, which separates two real-valued components (in effect, it has lower "precedence" than other characters like `e`

and `¯`

). If a second component is present (using `i`

or `I`

), that component's value is multiplied by the imaginary unit *i* and added to the first component; otherwise the value is the first component's value without modification. As with real numbers, the exact complex number given is rounded to fit the number system in use.

complexnumber = number ( ( "i" | "I" ) number )?

Basic arithmetic functions `+-×÷`

are extended to complex numbers. A monadic case for the function `+`

is added, which returns the conjugate argument: a number with real part equal to the real part of `𝕩`

and imaginary part negated relative to `𝕩`

.

The primitive function `⍳`

is added: the character `⍳`

forms a primitive function token, and its value is the function `{𝕨⊢⊘+0i1×𝕩}`

. This function multiplies `𝕩`

by *i*, then adds `𝕨`

if given.